My Vote My Voice | Brief Facts
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Brief Facts

  • Any person who leaves his or her native place and works in another place, within the boundaries of the country is a Domestic Migrant Worker. This include two categories. The first ones are those who are educated and having office and corporate jobs. The second being poor migrant workers which include factory labours, construction workers, domestic servants etc.
  • As per National survey approximately 30% of Indians are domestic migrants, moving mostly from rural to urban India. According to the 2011 study on the political inclusion of seasonal migrant workers by Amrita Sharma and her coauthors, 22 percent of migrant workers in India did not possess voter IDs or have their names in the voter list.
  • As per Election Commission approximately 15% voters i.e. 120 million are Domestic Migrant workers, but a vast majority of these voters don’t get to exercise their franchise when polls are held in their native place as most cannot afford to travel or miss work.
  • Domestic migrant workers are rarely full citizens at their place of work. It is sad that in some cases even after being in a city for more than 20-30 years, migrant workers remain on the margins of society struggling for an identity and basic citizenship rights. They contribute to the economy but not to the political process.
  • The migrant workers miss out participation in the most important institutional mechanism of elections. The elected politicians do not pay weight-age to their concerns and ignore their voices, as they are irrelevant from election perspective.
  • With such a large number of eligible domestic migrant poor voters, unable to vote and no absentee voter opportunity available in India for them, it is imperative that in order to give them a sense of belonging and political inclusion, they are encouraged and supported to register themselves for voting at their place of work.
  • A large percentage of them are unaware about the laws, procedure, formalities and list of documents required in order to register themselves. Therefore there is a need for voter registration drive to educate, support and enable them to register as voters at their place of work.
  • A lot of them do not register because of lack of address proof and age proof, whereas the government has already eased out on the formalities. For example
    • In case of age proof, it is only required if you are in the age group of 18-21 yrs of age, otherwise it’s not required.
    • In case of residence proof, if no other document is available, then even a simple registered postal letter received in the applicant’s name on that address is considered as a valid residence proof.